As a refresher, the GII measures these three dimensions based on scientific, statistical measurements:
- Reproductive health: (1) Maternal mortality ratio, and (2) Adolescent fertility rate.
- Empowerment: (1) Breakdown by gender of parliamentary seats, and (2) Secondary and higher educational attainment of women.
- Labor: (1) Percentage of women participating in the workforce.
So what is the workforce going to look like in 10, 20, 50 years?
How do we want to begin shaping it into what we want it to be?
- Restructure the work system. Many companies are catching on to the fact that women are now the (slight) majority in the workforce by instituting flexible schedules and better benefits and addressing a fundamental asymmetry in our current work system: child care.
- Encourage mentoring. Women seek out mentors. Women ask for pay raises and promotions. But oftentimes, there is a "no" in response. We need to encourage women to stay in the leadership pipeline to excel in their careers.
- Challenge gender norms. My blog friend S over at The Feminist Mystique wrote a great post on how dads who stay home with their kids or who are the primary caregiver if both parents work full-time are seen as "babysitting" their own children. No. They are parenting their own children. We need to debunk the myth that it is unmanly to take care of one's own children. And we need to count it. (See the New York Times article, the Change.org petition, and The Good Men Project for more information.)
- Close the wage gap. In 2012, women still make less than men at ever level in their careers. While it is now up to 80 cents on the dollar in some cases, women are systematically not being paid equally for equal work.
The report also rebuts the tired argument that the wage gap is all because women work less, since they’ve got those frivolous distractions of having babies and raising kids: Women earn less at all degree levels, even when they work as much as men. On average, women who work full-time, full-year earn 25 percent less than men, even at similar education levels. (via Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce report and Feministing)
|via the Economic Policy Institute|
- Fast Facts: Mothers in the United States (NOW)
- The Harried Life of the Working Mother (Pew)
- Our Working Nation (Center for American Progress)
- Despite Less Time and Rest, Working Mothers Managing Well (Gallup)
- Women Matter (McKinsey)
- The Myth of the Ideal Worker (Catalyst)
- The College Payoff: Education, Opportunity, and Lifetime Earnings (Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce)
- What else do we need to do?
|Women need PhDs to earn as much as men with BAs.|